The oil palm fruit is almost spherical in shape. It consists of a hard seed (kernel) enclosed in a shell (endocarp) which is surrounded by fleshy husk (mesocarp).Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is a tropical tree crop which is mainly grown for its ind ustrial pro duction of vegetative oil. It is a typical estate crop, grown and harvested over large uniform areas (3,000 to 5,000ha) around a central oil mill to allow rapid industrial handling after harvesting. Palm trees can also be observed in village gardens where they provide oil for local consumption, but in that case both yield and oil quality are much lower. Oil palm is a typical crop of the rainy tropical lowlands.